technology for ceramic parts, coatings and thin films is based on electrodeposition or electrophoretic
Electrodeposition involves plating of metals or alloys from a solution of salts and is most suited to thin
film deposition. Our main application at present is in growing photovoltaic semiconductor thin films on
conductive glass substrates.
deposition (EPD) is used to build up thick films of ceramic material from suspensions of particles in a
liquid. The principle is shown below whereby charged particles migrate to an electrode of opposite sign under an
electric field. Usually one charge (+ or -) dominates so that only one electrode is coated or plated.
EPD is used for the fabrication of ion-conductive ceramic tubes and plates and for ceramic coatings. As shown in
the photograph on the right, quite large ceramic components can be fabricated by this method.
Ionotec has expertise in manufacturing process
scale-up, particularly in taking research laboratory processes to pilot scale production. This
is often a difficult stage in translating research ideas into industrial
practice. Pilot scale
deposition facilities can involve semi-automatic operation with accurate deposit thickness
control. Suspension and solution handling systems can be either water-based
or solvent-based, and are specially designed to remove air bubbles that can cause defects in the
product. Uniform or graduated thickness as required is done by control of electric field strength and
fluid flow to avoid stagnation points. Full sequencing of operations is provided by PLC.